Categories
Geology

And if it is possible could you add one or two sentences at the end of this publish?

Could you help me to check the grammar and make sure the flow? And if it is possible could you add one or two sentences at the end of this publish? Thank you so much! See attached below for rough publish

Categories
Geology

Read both papers attached. – Evaluate the seismic interpretation methodology pr

Read both papers attached.
– Evaluate the seismic interpretation methodology proposed by Posamentier et al.
– Compare this to the approach followed in Smit et al . What is different here.
I attached respective lecture slides for use only. Might be beneficial to some extent.

Categories
Geology

Attached is an article, which I solicit your support in representing it powerpoi

Attached is an article, which I solicit your support in representing it powerpoint slides in order to present it to my audience and explaining what is this article about. Please feel free to add any content you like as long as it explains the article in a smooth flow. Deadline Sepetember 6th, 2022 at 4 pm.

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Geology

All of the research must reflect CURRENT solutions/answers. Answer each question

All of the research must reflect CURRENT solutions/answers. Answer each question in no less than 4 but no more than 8 sentences each using researched information. Properly cite your work and be sure to use in-text citations and use “works Cited” for the citations/bibliography. The “TurnItIn” program will be used.

Categories
Geology

Descripe the area you see in the uplouded picture, focusing on the overall lands

Descripe the area you see in the uplouded picture, focusing on the overall landscape, the topogrraphy and likely geologic units

Categories
Geology

the answer must be in “essay style”. A1. Where are the major concentrations of t

the answer must be in “essay style”.
A1. Where are the major concentrations of the world’s earthquakes? What is the main type of plate boundary there? Are earthquake and volcano locations related to the Pacific “Ring of Fire”? Give some specific geologic locations around the ring. What major submarine geologic feature is located near most of the Pacific ring? Explain how earthquake and volcano locations help support the theory of plate tectonics.
A2. What are the geologic differences between continental plates and oceanic plates? Which plate type is associated with mainly extrusive igneous rocks, and which is associated with mainly intrusive igneous rocks? What is the major igneous rock type forming the deep-ocean basins and what is the major igneous rock type forming the base of all the continents? Describe each rock type and how they differ. How is this difference related to the depths of the oceans and the higher elevations of the continents? Make sure that you use specific plates as examples of each. How are the crustal plates related to the asthenosphere? What is isostacy? Explain.

Categories
Geology

Instructions: The following questions correspond to pages 17-21 in your Geotours

Instructions:
The following questions correspond to pages 17-21 in your Geotours Workbook (2nd ed.). There is no time limit once you enter this assignment, however you may only attempt the assignment once. Feel free to answer the questions first in your Geotours Workbook, and then submit your answers here!
The correct answers will be visible on the day after the due date, if you would like to revisit any of these concepts.
Geotours Resources:
Google Earth – Open the 2. Exploring Geology Using Geotours > A. Earth & Sky folder.
Problem Materials – Double-click each problem to travel to the appropriate location with the prescribed perspective/zoom. Check the box next to the problem to make the placemark appear for that problem.
Earth & Sky Geotours Library – Explore additional Geotours in this folder to help answer problems. The library should appear below Problem 18 in the Earth & Sky folder.
Essentials of Geology (6th Edition (Links to an external site.) or 7th Edition (Links to an external site.)) – Consult your textbook to help answer some questions.
Questions (edited for clarity, but still correspond to the problems in your workbook; click here to download a PDF versionActions ):
Problem 1. Stellar Nursery – Pillars of Creation, Eagle Nebula. The Pillars of Creation are large, dense masses of dust and interstellar gas (mostly molecular hydrogen) that rise from the stellar nursery of the Eagle Nebula (M16). Here, dense pockets of dust and gas collapse in on themselves to form young stars. The Pillars of Creation are located about 6500 light years from Earth, and the left-most pillar has a current length of approximately 4 light years.
If a light year (the distance light travels in one year) is about 9.5 trillion km, what is the length of the left-most pillar (in km)?
Problem 2. Main Sequence Stars – Tau Ceti. If protostars accumulate sufficient mass as they develop, collapsing gas and dust may reach temperatures where hydrogen fuses into helium. Once hydrogen fusion occurs, stars become stable between the competing forces of fusion and gravity and are considered main sequence stars. Both our Sun and Tau Ceti are currently in this stage (both are considered yellow dwarf stars). For most stars, the main sequence stage lasts the longest.
From your textbook, we know that the amount of mass is inversely proportional to how fast a star burns. Which type of star will have the longer main sequence stage, and therefore, “live” the longest?
Problem 3. Red Giant Stars – Aldebaran. Eventually, the majority of hydrogen in the core of the main sequence stars is consumed, and the core collapses due to gravity. Very low-mass stars form white dwarf stars, whereas most other stars collapse and heat up until helium fusion begins. This fusion causes the star to expand outward several times larger than before, forming a red giant star (making the star cooler…Aldebaran is an example). When this happens to our Sun (in about 4.5 billion to 5 billion years), what is the most likely scenario for Earth?
Problem 4. Planetary Nebula/White Dwarf Stars – Little Ghost Nebula. Some red giant stars develop into planetary nebulas as their cores continue to contract, to increase in temperature, and to burn and vent the remaining gases into interstellar space. Eventually, the core collapses to the point where it is hot enough to ionize the vented gases, forming a relatively short-lived (~10,000-20,000 years) planetary nebula. The remaining core collapses into a white dwarf star. The vented materials from the planetary nebula play an important role in enriching the universe in elements with atomic weights less than 26 (forming the basis for carbon-based life like ourselves).
From your understanding of the assigned reading, which type of star will form a planetary nebula?
Problem 5. Nebular Supernova – Crab Nebula. Some red giant stars undergo a violent supernova explosion as opposed to forming planetary nebulas. From your understanding of the assigned reading, which type of star will form a supernova?
Problem 6. Nebular Supernova – Crab Nebula. The Crab Nebula represents a violent supernova explosion of a star (likely a third, fourth, or even later generation star). Heavy elements with atomic weights greater than 26 (and some with lesser atomic weights between oxygen and iron) were likely generated during this explosion. Which element probably formed in a supernova? Hint: refer to the periodic table in the back of your textbook (page A-2).
Problem 7. Spiral Galaxy – M51. This image is of a spiral galaxy (M51) that resembles what our Milky Way might look like if viewed from outside the galaxy. Note how the curved spiral arms develop around the more quickly rotating central cluster of stars. Looking at the spiral arms from this viewpoint, in what direction is this galaxy rotating? Hint: imagine the arms were water circulating around a whirlpool.
Problem 8. Impact Features – Moon. Apollo 11 (Problem 8a placemark) touched down in the smooth, dark Mare Tranquillitatis (Sea of Tranquility), whereas Apollo 16 (Problem 8b placemark) landed in the Descartes lunar highlands. Which region shows impact features that are larger in size and that have a higher concentration density?
Problem 9. Impact Features – Moon. Based on your answer to Question 8, which rock unit on the surface of the Moon is the youngest (and has therefore experienced fewer impacts)?
Problem 10. Impact Features – Moon. Turn off Layers > Moon Gallery > Historic Maps > Geologic Charts. Study the near side of the Moon (always faces toward Earth and has thinner crust) relative to the far side of the Moon (always faces away from Earth and has thicker crust). Which of the following best describes the nature of the dark maria?
Problem 11. Impact Features – Manicouagan Crater, Canada. Check both boxes for Problem 11 to make both placemarks appear. Use the Ruler tool to determine the present-day diameter of Manicouagan Crater (click and drag your cursor between the two placemarks. Don’t forget to clear the ruler before using it for the next problem).
Problem 12. Impact Features – Meteor Crater, AZ. Just like the previous problem, use the Ruler tool to determine the present-day diameter of Meteor Crater between the Problem 12 placemarks.
Problem 13. Impact Features – Manicouagan Crater, Canada & Meteor Crater, AZ.
Assume that a 40 m diameter meteorite created Meteor Crater. Although clearly an oversimplification, use a simple ratio between meteorite diameter and crater diameter to estimate the size of meteorite that might have created Manicouagan Crater. Hint: use the crater diameters measured for Problems 11 & 12. If you use a simple ratio, you won’t need to convert any units.
Problem 14. Impact Features – Parameters Influencing the Nature of Impact Features. On your web browser, go to the Earth Impact Effects Program website at https://impact.ese.ic.ac.uk/ImpactEarth/ImpactEffects/ (Links to an external site.)
This site estimates the consequences of an impact as a function of various parameters, including the size, velocity, and composition of the meteorite. Perform two trials to investigate the “impact” of changing projectile density by entering the following parameters: 
Distance from Impact– 1000 km  
Projectile Diameter– Manicouagan’s meteorite diameter (Problem 13, in m)
Projectile Density– Trial 1-ice (comet) and Trial 2-iron (some asteroids)  
Impact Velocity– 20 km/s  
Impact Angle– 45 degrees  
Target Type– Crystalline Rock
After comparing the two trials, which of the following statements is true?
Problem 15. Solar System – Scaling. Turn on the Scaled Solar System folder by clicking the check box next to it. Double-click the folder icon to zoom out to space to see the solar system scaled from Los Angeles, CA (Sun) to New York, NY (Neptune). Click on the placemarks in this folder to see numerical information about original and/or scaled parameters, such as object radius, orbital radius (distance from the Sun), and distance between objects.
The inner planets of our solar system can be classified as rocky, terrestrial (Earth-like) planets, whereas the outer planets are considered giant, gaseous Jovian (Jupiter-like) planets. Which of the following is correct relative to the scaled solar system model shown?
Problem 16. Solar System – Scaling. Assume that you and a friend are each capable of traveling a straight-line path from Earth to Jupiter. You take a spacecraft that is capable of traveling an average speed of 70,811 km/hr (44,000 mi/hr) to the actual planet while your friend drives a vehicle at an average speed of 112.7 km/hr (70 mi/hr) along the red line of the scaled solar system. Which answer below is correct?
Hint: use the chart in the placemark to find the scaled distance from Earth to Jupiter, and the unscaled distance between their orbital radii. Review the video on unit conversions to guide your calculations.
Problem 17. Solar System – Scaling. When you look at Neptune in a telescope, you are actually looking into the past as the light has to travel from Neptune to your eyes. If the speed of light is ~300,000 km/s, how far back into the past are you looking (or put another way, how long does it take light to travel from Neptune to your eyes on Earth)? Hint: don’t forget to check the units of your final calculation!
Problem 18. Solar System – Scaling. Double-click the Problem 18 placemark to see the scaled size of Venus. Using this scaled model, what most closely approximates the area “footprint” of Venus?
Extra Credit: Use your textbook to help you answer the short answer question(s) below for additional points on this lab assignment. Your score will be unaffected if you chose not to respond, or if your response is incorrect.
EC.1 (2 pts): What is the ecliptic, and why are the orbits of the planets within the ecliptic? Why is Pluto no longer considered to be a planet?
EC.2 (1 pts): Why is the Earth spherical?
EC.3 (1 pts): Are all the stars that we see today considered to be first-generation stars? Why or why not?

Categories
Geology

I need to do a discussion section for research paper (About general marine ecolo

I need to do a discussion section for research paper (About general marine ecology)
The paper was completed by section : Introductions + Methods + Results + Discussions, I have done the first 3 except for discussions ,
For the discussion section:
based on all the sections of the paper and the rubric and slides provided , I need you to write an interpretation of the results and answer why is is Important?,
Interpretation of results for general ecology/ Results
Comparison of abundance
Comparison of sampling
Re-state the major findings
The importance of the results as a whole
Why are the findings important /why do we care
Example for one of the results graphs ( there was no significant difference , interchangeably there is no impact)
(There is less rockweeds given its impact , it dont vary , we can use the other graphs to get the same outcome)
And write in a practical sense like after visiting those field sites (provided in the slides) where you collected data nd found results
The results should include
Comparison of percentage cover of abundance (mussels , rockweeds)
For the 7 different findings, do they differ in perctage of abundance?
Back it up with data from the slides and findings
For the methods section:
(just add if needed)
Just double check you have a description on:
Study systems
Field surveys (the 3 different locations)
Start assigments
Compensations we made
Make it only based on the files uploaded and the papers already cited
No outside sources

Categories
Geology

Rocks in your mountain range 1. What is the major class(es) of rocks exposed at

Rocks in your mountain range
1. What is the major class(es) of rocks exposed at the surface in your mountain range: Igneous, Sedimentary or, Metamorphic. If there is more than one class where is each rock class most common in your range? (For Example: the Appalachians have all 3, with igneous intrusions typically found in New Hampshire, metamorphic rocks associated with subduction are found in Vermont and horizontal sedimentary rocks of the Appalachian plateau in Upstate New York . . . )
2. Name at least 4 rocks that are common to your mountain range. Discuss their
ages, and
how / where they appear.
try to include minerology if possible
(The white mountains are called so for the light colored characteristic Jurassic age Granite, whereas the Green mountains of Vermont contains a variety of metamorphosed sediment including Marble and Schist in the area around Bennington VT. The Appalachian plateau in New York shows widespread limestones and is associated with a number of cavern systems . . .)
3. what events are associated with the formation of these rocks
(The Appalachian plateau reflects shallow shelf deposition in the Carboniferous period when this was a passive margin . . . the metamorphism in Vermont reflects subduction toward an island arc . . . The white mountains are unusual in that they are younger than many rocks present in the Appalachian mountains and many originate as intrusive bodies connected to the passage of the great meteor hotspot during the Jurassic and cretaceous . . . .)
4. Include Citations / references. USE APA format
Rivers in your mountain range
Water water everywhere
Identify prominent features associated with water – rock interactions in your study area. Describe at least ONE of the following (if more than one is possible I won’t stop you from doing more):
River systems
what major rivers are present?
what kind of river channels are present?
Are there any major drainage divides in your mountain range? WHere are they relative to the center to the range?
Do rivers tend to flow through your mountain range, around your mountain range. or away from your mountain range?
what sediment is moved
how variable is the river flow
Groundwater / aquifers
name one or more aquifers
What kind of rock / sediment makes up the storage for this aquifer?
what (if any) are the surface expressions of this aquifer?
Active faults and recent earthquakes in your mountain range
When did your mountain range last shake?
Mountain ranges undergoing active uplift will tend to experience frequent earthquake activity. Even ones that have seen very little tectonic activity often retain some residual crustal stresses 100’s of millions of years later.
Goto https://earthquake.usgs.gov (Links to an external site.) and try to find the most recent earthquake greater than M4.0 in your mountain range.
Answer:
Where was the last earthquake > 4.0 in your mountain range?
what was the magnitude of the earthquake?
What was the sense of offset from that earthquake? (look at the moment tensor (Links to an external site.)) –or for more info click here (Links to an external site.)
Does your mountain range appear to experience frequent earthquakes in the present time?
Video Walkthrough:https://youtu.be/KdtgLytYOiY (Links to an external site.)
Find fault in your mountains
A. Name at least 2 major faults associated with your mountain range. If you’re struggling with finding more than one talk about events that may have shaped your mountain range.
What is the approximate strike of the fault zone(s)?
what is the nature of faulting last time the fault moved?
how is the fault expressed at the surface?
about how much total offset has taken place along the fault zone (this might not be readily available, but really cool if you can find it)

Categories
Geology

Rubric and project instructions in the uploaded files. Some class topics to pic

Rubric and project instructions in the uploaded files.
Some class topics to pick from for this paper:
Water quality
ocean pollution
wildlife management
pesticides and pest management
—lectures for each of these topics included below. Only one is needed.—