Categories
Agriculture

Responses should be reflective; they can be conversational (read: informal but legible).

Course Outline
Visualizing Foodways: Art+Food Relational Approaches
Course Description:
This course will focus on critical artistic approaches to food and agriculture from a relational, personal perspective.
Weekly Responses
Weekly reading responses: Submit a response to the weekly theme/readings IN ADVANCE of class, either via email as a word or pdf file (up to and including the evening before class) or on paper (if the day of class). Responses should be reflective; they can be conversational (read: informal but legible). The purpose is to assist in preparedness for contributing to the weekly discussion and serve as an annotated bibliography of the readings for your records. Approximately 1-2 paragraphs or 300 words each.

Categories
Agriculture

Kettl: chapter 14 – accountability and politics

The subject is public administration, not agriculture.
The assigned writer will be provided with login info.
Instructions: Utilizing one of the following links, select a news story and relate it directly to material presented in Unit 7.
Unit 7 material:
Kettl: Chapter 13 – Regulation and the Courts
Kettl: Chapter 14 – Accountability and Politics
To view the book go to vital source . com
The Hill (http://thehill.com/)
The Federal Times (https://www.federaltimes.com (Links to an external site.))

Categories
Agriculture

The essay should:

The assignment is for public administration, not agriculture
In this assignment, you will view a lecture video and write a 350 to 1000 word essay. In the essay, discuss key points of the lecture in relation to textbook course material.
Kettl: Chapter 13 – Regulation and the Courts
Kettl: Chapter 14 – Accountability and Politics
The essay should:
Identify and describe textbook course material concepts clearly (Required).
Use APA citations and reference list entries.
Include Title Page in correct APA format.
FORMATTING:
1) The Title Page should minimally indicate the Lecturer Activity number, the name of the course, the student`s name and the date.
2) Double-spaced, Times New Roman 12 font
3) Make sure to add citations and references formatted according to APA style.
3) LIMIT your use of direct quotes to NO MORE than two short quotes.
Video: https://www.c-span.org/video/?430372-3/washington-journal-clyde-wayne-crews-discusses-cost-federal-regulations

Categories
Agriculture

sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sam

sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample sample

Categories
Agriculture

Instructions are to be watching this video that I will add up to the instruction

Instructions are to be watching this video that I will add up to the instructions right now. It is a 5 minutes video only and to answer the questions there in short amount of words then I send my peer / other students responses and you just reply to it within 70 words or more. That’s all.
Link:

Categories
Agriculture

Argumentative Essay Requirements · Composition must be 1700-1800 words, n

Argumentative Essay Requirements
· Composition must be 1700-1800 words, not including your references or reflection question responses)
· Double-space the composition and use one-inch margins.
· Use a readable 12-point font.
· All writing must be appropriate for an academic context.
· Composition must be original and written for this assignment.
· Plagiarism of any kind is strictly prohibited.
Ditching Factory Farming for Sustainable Farms and Ranches
ASSIGNMENT: Based on the your outline previously written and annotated bibliography publish a 1800 word argumentative research essay.
A. Assignment Guidelines
DIRECTIONS: Refer to the list below throughout the writing process. Do not submit your Touchstone until it meets these guidelines.
1. Argumentative Thesis Statement
❒ Have you included a thesis in your introduction that takes a clear, specific position on one side of a debatable issue?
2. Argument Development
❒ Are all of the details relevant to the purpose of your essay?
❒ Is the argument supported using rhetorical appeals and source material?
❒ Is your essay 6-8 pages (approximately 1700-1800 words, not including your references or reflection question responses)? If not, which details do you need to add or remove?
3. Research
❒ Have you cited outside sources effectively using quotation, summary, or paraphrase techniques?
❒ Are the sources incorporated smoothly, providing the reader with signal phrases and context for the source information?
❒ Have you referenced a range of at least 7 credible sources?
❒ Have you properly cited your sources according to APA style guidelines?
❒ Have you included an APA style reference page below your essay?
4. Reflection
❒ Have you answered all reflection questions thoughtfully and included insights, observations, and/or examples in all responses?
❒ Are your answers included on a separate page below the main assignment?
Create an Annotated Bibliography
ASSIGNMENT: Using your research question, working thesis, and outline from Touchstone 1.2, create an annotated bibliography that provides a synopsis of your sources and an explanation of how you will use them
1. Annotated Bibliography
Make sure to:
❒ Alphabetize the entries, according to APA style.
❒ Include the required bibliographic information in APA format for each entry.
❒ Include 3-4 sentences for each entry that provide a short summary of the source and how you plan to use it to support your argument.
❒ Include at least seven entries in your annotated bibliography, all of which must be credible, academic sources.
❒ Choose your own sources, but use no more than three websites (there is no limit on the number of online journals used).
❒ Thoroughly check the formatting requirements for the different source types.
❒ Indicate the required sources (book, peer-reviewed journal, newspaper/magazine, and credible website) by including the source type in parentheses after the relevant entry.
A. Reflection Questions
DIRECTIONS: Below your assignment, include answers to all of the following reflection questions.
1. Accurately recording bibliographic information is essential and saves you time, as you can transfer this information to the References page of your published essay. Each source entry should include a brief summary of the source as well as 3-4 sentences describing how you intend to use that source to build or support your argument. Discuss how your annotated bibliography meets these criteria. (2-3 sentences)
2. Which strategies were most helpful for you when searching for credible sources? (2-3 sentences)
3. What difficulties did you face while searching for credible sources? How did you overcome these difficulties? (2-3 sentences)
B. Reflection
DIRECTIONS: Below your assignment, include answers to all of the following reflection questions.
1. Provide one example of a place where you have used rhetorical appeals or source material to support your argument. How does this enhance your essay? (2-3 sentences)
2. Touchstone 4 is a revision of this publish. What kind of feedback would be helpful for you as you revise? Are there parts of your publish that you’re uncertain of? (3-4 sentences)

Categories
Agriculture

Write a Research Question, Thesis, and Outline 1. Research Question and Working

Write a Research Question, Thesis, and Outline
1. Research Question and Working Thesis
Keep in mind: The research question and working thesis are the driving force behind your research and eventual argument.
❒ Your research question should be a single sentence, framed as a question.
❒ Your working thesis should be a single focused sentence, framed as a statement that takes a clear position on the research question.
❒ Include your research question followed by your working thesis.
2. Detailed Outline
Keep in mind: Your detailed outline provides a map of the argumentative research essay that you will write, including your key claims and the sources that support them. You may not have all your sources yet, and that is fine. The outline is a way to organize your essay and determine which areas (e.g. your sub-points) will require researched evidence as support.
❒ Headings: one for each paragraph with a brief label of the paragraph’s controlling idea(s).
❒ An introduction, at least five body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
❒ Introduction includes your working thesis.
❒ Body paragraphs should each have their own unique title and key points.
❒ At least one body paragraph is devoted to addressing counterarguments.
❒ Conclusion includes notes on your final thoughts.
❒ Subheadings: two to five for each paragraph, below each heading, indicating key points that support the controlling idea
❒ Sources: one to three for each paragraph, as relevant, indicating the support for the key points
❒ For each source, include the author’s name and the idea or information relevant to your argument (e.g. “Lappé on mono-cropping corn/soy and production”).
3. Reflection
❒ Have you displayed a clear understanding of the research activities?
❒ Have you answered all reflection questions thoughtfully and included insights, observations, and/or examples in all responses?
❒ Are your answers included on a separate page below the main assignment?
C. Reflection Questions
DIRECTIONS: Below your assignment, include answers to all of the following reflection questions.
1. Learning to conduct research is important because it is a skill you will use both in academia and in your professional life. It improves critical thinking and empowers you to find information for yourself. Consider the process of researching as a whole. What was the most challenging aspect of the process for you? (2-3 sentences)
2. The working thesis statement is a proposed answer to your research question. It should clearly identify a debatable topic and take a position on one side of that topic. Analyze the effectiveness of your working thesis statement. (3-4 sentences)
3. A detailed outline is an effective tool for laying out the progression of an argument. It allows you to consider the arrangement and organization of your ideas, as well as choose places to incorporate outside source materials. Review your detailed outline and summarize the argument you’ve presented. (3-4 sentences)
4. You will use the same topic on three of the remaining Touchstones in this course. What kind of feedback would be helpful for you? What are specific questions you might have as you go deeper into the research process? (2-3 sentences)
Evaluate a Source
ASSIGNMENT: For this essay, you will select one of the sources you have found through your preliminary research about your research topic. Which source you choose is up to you; however, it should be substantial enough that you will be able to talk about it at length, and intricate enough that it will keep you (and your reader) interested.
In order to foster learning and growth, all essays you submit must be newly written specifically for this course. Any recycled work will be sent back with a 0, and you will be given one attempt to redo the Touchstone.
The introduction of this paper will involve introducing the source: Provide the author, the title, and the context (where you found the source, where it was originally published, who sponsored it, etc.)
You will then go on to evaluate the source on two levels:
1. Credibility: Using the information in this unit as a guide, evaluate the source’s authenticity and reliability. Look at all the information that you can find about the source to establish the author’s (or sponsor’s) trustworthiness.
2. Usefulness: Using a combination of summary and analysis, examine the source on a critical level. Determine what the source’s purpose (thesis) is, and how it arrives at that goal. Examine its value to you and the project you are working on. How will it help you prove your own points? How might it come in handy to back up a claim (or address a counter-claim)?
Finally, you will include a conclusion which shows your final assessments on both counts.
D. Requirements
The following requirements must be met for your submission to be graded:
· Composition must be 2-3 pages (approximately 500-750 words).
· Double-space the composition and use one-inch margins.
· Use a readable 12-point font.
· All writing must be appropriate for an academic context.
· Composition must be original and written for this assignment.
· Plagiarism of any kind is strictly prohibited.
· Submission must include your name, the name of the course, the date, and the title of your composition.
· Include all of the assignment components in a single file.
· Acceptable file formats include .doc and .docx.

Categories
Agriculture

Brief Description of the Organization The Nigeria Agribusiness Group (NABG) is a

Brief Description of the Organization
The Nigeria Agribusiness
Group (NABG) is an organized private sector
platform working together to ensure food security and nutrition, creating
systemic linkages between small, medium, and large agribusiness enterprises. The
primary role is act as the engine of economic growth with government creating
the enabling environment for agribusinesses to thrive. NABG work closely with
the Nigeria government at all levels in setting policy directions and
regulatory reforms to enable sustainable inclusive socio-economic growth. NABG also
works collective as a stakeholder in agricultural sector to diversify the
economy of Nigeria away from oil and gas towards agricultural industrialization.
Summary
of Conversation
Theme 1: Policy
Formulation and Development
NABG has been engaging
with the Nigeria Government mainly to drive a shift from running agriculture as
a business and not as a developmental intervention. The organization engage
with the Federal Government on the development of Agricultural Promotion Policy
(APP) also known as “Green Alternative”. NABG also partnered with the Micro
Reforms in Africa Agribusiness (MIRAA) to creates enable environment for tomato
production. The partnership led to the development of the National Tomato
Policy (NTP) which facilitated an imposition of ban on tomato importation in
the country. The policy facilitated an investment worth over $100 million USD.
The intervention lasted for a while before a relaxation was placed on the
policy following the interest of some political stakeholders who are making
money from importation of Tomato. NABG also partnered with the Country
Agribusiness Partnership Framework as well the Federal Ministry of Agriculture
and Rural Development on the Development of the new National Agriculture
Technology Innovation Policy (NATIP) which is intended to run from 2022 – 2027.
These among several other engagements are part of the efforts of NABG in
promoting agribusiness activities in Nigeria.
Theme 2: Challenges in
the Nigeria Agriculture
Agricultural landscape is
dominated by smallholder farmers (SHFs) who do not understand what the issues/challenges
in agriculture are. Some farmers are yet to come to the reality of the impact
of climate change. The issue of climate change is one of the major challenges
faced by SHFs. The challenge has contributed to loss of investments in
agriculture, poor productivity, low income and so on. However, NABG is
currently in partnership with the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa
(AGRA) and the Kaduna State government in piloting Climate-smart Agriculture
(CSA) among SHFs, especially in some of the key areas including Agroforestry,
Water shedding, Crop Rotation, and Integrated Soil Fertility. NABG work with
other commodity groups such as Rice Farmers Association (RIFAAS), Maize Farmers
Association, and other commodity associations (cowpea, etc.) that are under the
umbrella of NABG to pilot this innovation. One of the key areas we have
identified for urgent intervention in CSA is agroforestry and this should be
part of the national policy. Several SHFs have suffered losses because they
don’t know what to do to curtail the challenges of climate change. Take for
instance, the issue of water shedding, usually most farmers will clear his/her
farmland close to the riverbank, and by that clearing away the weed that should
have served as a filter for flood water and thus, prevent soil erosion. Whereas
the ideal thing to do should be to leave about 5-10m away from the river to
prevent unwarranted flooding of their farmland. Thus, we are trying to see how a
publish national policy on CSA will be passed before the National Executive
Council for approval.
Another main issue in the
Nigeria agriculture is commodity rating and standardization. The challenge also
a requires a formal policy around it. Right now, as we speak in Nigeria, there
is a standard national accreditation body designated to ensure commodity rating
and standardization, and this constitutes a major challenge on exportation of
Nigeria agricultural commodities. Any product being exported from Nigeria are
usually being subjected to a second check before they either accepted or
rejected. NABG as a body is currently engaging with Nigeria National
Accreditation Systems (NiNAS) on this. We are currently trying to see how the
NiNAS and NABG will work with the International Food Policy Research Institute
(IFPRI) in crafting commodity rating and standardization policy that will align
with the international standard to make such policies acceptable, practicable,
enforceable, and achievable.
Theme 3: Some Suggested
Key Recommendations
Firstly, the government
needs to ensure shifting the fundamentals of agricultural interventions from
individuals to structural cooperatives and commercialization. For instance,
there is the need for government to shift the Anchor Borrowers’ scheme to a private
sector driven approach where practices like commodity exchange can be
demonstrated. Right now, as we speak, there is lack of deliberate effort on the
part of the government to establish this process and the danger is that the
anchor borrowers’ scheme might not succeed beyond the current administration.
Thus, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and the government of Nigeria needs to
ensure that the program becomes a private sector driven approach. It should be
noted that agricultural finance impacts productivity and food security in
Nigeria and thus, it should be prioritized.
Secondly, the government
often do not engage with the state and other stakeholders before policies are
being developed and thus, a feeling of lack of ownership is felt among the end
users. Take for instance, the issue of maize intervention from the Federal government
in Kaduna state. Kaduna at least is known to be the major producer of ginger in
Nigeria. 90% of the ginger seen in the market are produced from Kaduna state
and it is expected that the government should prioritize that for the state,
rather maize was prioritized. This causes a lot of disjoints in the government
interventions.
Thirdly, donor agencies
have their own lapses. Often time, most agencies believe so much in putting
resource on the production side of agriculture with a believe that SHFs needs
to be assisted. While this is true, there is the need to also consider market
for the commodity that are produced by these SHFs bearing in mind that about
40% of all that are being produced by these same set of farmers result into
postharvest losses due to lack of market. Hence, donors need to ensure
intervention design that takes on a value chain approach, of both production,
processing, and market. This will lead to more income for farmers and other key
players in the sector.
Finally, the major gap is
that agriculture is on the concurrent list of the national constitution. This
is not expected to be so, but rather, we would like to see government acting
only as a supervisory agent in agricultural development and not the major actor
in the sector. As a supervising agent, we that they are responsible for
establishing regulations and policies that will foster enabling environment for
agricultural development.
Question & Response
1.
What would you consider as an important
policy necessary to support agribusiness development in Nigeria?
Response
Well, I will say there is
the for government to establish National Agribusiness Investment Policy. This
will go a long way in preventing several anomalies in the Nigeria agricultural
sector. It will take care of some of the smart practices in the sector.

Categories
Agriculture

A company provide plantation service to B company. A company will overseen the

A company provide plantation service to B company.
A company will overseen the whole project.
Planting skill?
Spacing skill?
Labour skill?
Land clearing skill
Development skill.
A company will support B to finish the whole project at area “Malaysia”
Please provide more and more service that can list down.